Types of Chemicals Used for Ant Control

Types of Chemicals Used for Ant Control

October 29, 2019 Off By Admin

Ants are among the most common pests worldwide. Even the cleanest of properties at times have to contend with these pests that no amount of wiping down surfaces will get rid of. Unfortunately, seeing only one ant and assuming this is an isolated issue on your property might be your biggest mistake. Ants live in colonies and in most cases, even alone ant points to the presence of a colony somewhere on your property.

Ants, unlike termites, might not have any readily apparent effects on your Utah property or the integrity of your furniture and structures. This has fooled most property owners to assume they do not need an exterminator for an ant infestation. Ants nonetheless move back and forth and will carry germs from one area to the next and contaminate your water and food.

Moreover, there are different ant species with varying effects. Carpenter ants, for instance, will burrow into the wood while fire ants will sting humans and pets when disturbed, causing severe anaphylactic reactions. In professional extermination, experts will use active chemicals to rid your property of these pests. The following are some of the chemicals used in ant eradication.


Borates like boric acid and borax are often mixed with syrup or sugar. They are ideally used for eradicating argentine ants but will also get rid of grease ants. The chemicals will draw in forage ants that carry it back to their nests, killing them and the queens. This effectively reduces their reproduction power and gets rid of an entire ant colony altogether. The borates are often used in gels and bait stations.

Insect Growth Regulators

The two primary chemicals used for insect growth regulation are pyriproxyfen and Methoprene. These inhibit the development of ants from one stage to the next. Insect growth regulators are primarily used for fire ant control and have low toxicity risk for human and pet health. The regulators are, however, toxic to aquatic life. Their baits should thus be properly disposed of to avert their risk of affecting water bodies.


A few naturally occurring substances are used in aerosol sprays to get rid of ants. The common ones include cinnamaldehyde, clove oil, garlic extracts, limonene, and phenylethyl propionate. Botanicals are often used in indoor surfaces since they will not contaminate food. They nonetheless need tact to avert the inhalation of the spray that can result in grave health issues.


These chemicals are often used in aerosol sprays and foggers. Pyrethroids will kill foraging ants immediately rather than when they return to their nests and are thus mostly inefficient for getting rid of ant colonies. Most pyrethroids used in ant extermination also have a synergist like piperonyl butoxide that will increase their toxicity.

You no doubt will come across several brands on store shelves containing the above chemicals when looking for an ant extermination product. While their manufacturers might tout them as the easiest products to use and the most effective, do not be fooled. These chemicals should only be handled by professional exterminators since they are best-placed to pick ant colonies and species. This way, they will know the chemicals that will work best and have minimal side effects.